in Russian

A tolerance (lat. tolerare — means to withstand, to endure) –
 one of the most using term for describing of interaction different by their nature subjects, factors or phenomenon

Tatiana A. Romanova, PhD;  Masato Takeuchi, MD, PhD

Tolerance in biology

In sociology or psychology tolerance is defined as a tolerability a possibility to be calm and acceptable for another’s life styles, behaviors, habits, feelings, opinions and faiths [1, 2], in biology and medicine this term means more as an indifference and a stability under factors influence at the expense of formation of no reaction condition, even under increasing of frequency and power of factors activity. Speaking in other words, in biology we have more no responsiveness, indifference then tolerance as patience, what means controlling even weak existed intolerance. Another not less effective mechanism of surviving under press by external factors is resistance, what means resistibility as an active reaction of organism. Low effectively of this way is result of fast depletion of biological resources under long lasting aggressive factors activity, then comes a death.       

Thus, there are two ways of vital capacity have been evolutionally formed: resistance what is active energy-dependent reaction and tolerance – passive insensibility, indifference. It is important to mention that both of these ways are reasonable as the most effective but in opposite situations. Resistance is necessary under strong but sort lasting influence, instead this, tolerance works in case of weak and long lasting aggressive factor. Furthermore, existences of both of factors support of surviving and evolutional development of different hierarchy’s biological systems starting from sub-cellular until biospheric one.            

Discussing of tolerance as a positively directed behavior or relationship is not necessary to mention about sub-cellular mechanisms when there is the perfect sample – the most important reproductive system’s organ a uterus or in more poetic words – a womb.

 Womb as a uniquely tolerant organ
(see Why a womb?)

Womb and earth in some of traditional faiths and teaching

The fact of uniqueness and worshipping of womb has deep historical roots. When in the Western religions the Holly Father is the most respecting and worshiping, in other religions this position is gave to the Mother Earth [4]. At the beginning of civilizations for ancient Japanese following Shinto and in American Indian practiced Shamanism the fact of delivery was the most meaningful and significant. Since that time in world-view of the universe integrity and circle of births and deaths, ancient people were able to see an analogy between mother delivering a new life and The Mother Earth “delivering” all live being then after their death receives its back.      

In traditional Japanese religion Shinto, an interaction of human and society with nature and universe is basic conception. The earth populated with multitude of goodness and sprits, in fact the earth, people and animals as alive as passed away are goodness itself. This under-mind feeling of connection between nature and people still exists in the consciousness of modern Japanese people.  

Dao teaching where the universe is whole womb that is Dao as well should not be forgotten. For Daoists the world what was born from the chaos stays in connection with its mother - the Dao, the same way as a newborn baby with breastfeeding mother [5].    

Daosist keep an attention on a peculiar embryology – the teaching about stages of embryo developing as stages of world evolution from the womb-Dao, where the embryo development is analogical to development of “immortal embryo”. Human embryo (then fetus) into mother’s womb is forming during ten moths and after that becomes able to appear and to continue own life outside of mother’s body. Similar to this way a spiritual embryo needs tem months for an obtaining it’s completeness then it could be born as totally ripe [6, 7].      

Thus, the Womb Conscious Conception is not absolutely neo-approach it’s based on deep historical and spiritual roots. This is not a revolutionary idea but it shown up strong connection between nature and society as a comprehensive whole.

Womb Conscious as an approach of tolerance formation
(see Womb Conscious)

Criticism of Womb Conscious Conception as an approach of tolerance formation in modern society

(comming soon)


1. Балцевич В. А., Балцевич С. Я. Статья «Толерантность» // Энциклопедия социологии, 2003.

2. Словарь иностранных слов и выражений. М., 1998. 477 с.

3. Tatiana A. Romanova, and Masato Takeuchi, Womb Conscious: Why a Womb?

4. Shinto: Meditations for revering the Earth. // Stuart D. B. Picken, Stone Bridge Press, Berkeley, California, 2002, 126 p.  

5. Игнатьев И.П. Учение о человеке и проблемы нравственности в раннем даосизме // Социально-философские аспекты критики религии. Л., 1982.

6. У Чун-сюй. Тяньсянь чжэн ли чжилунь цзэнчжу (Прямые рассуждения об истинном принципе небесных бессмертных с комментариями). Тайбэй, 1965.

7. Е.А.Тоpчинов, Религии мира: опыт запредельного. Психотехника и трансперсональные состояния, СПб.: Центp "Петеpбyргское Востоковедение" 1998,

8. Tatiana A. Romanova, and Masato Takeuchi, Womb Conscious © 

9. The Art of Happiness in a Troubled World. // His Holiness the Dalai Lama and Howard C. Cutler, Hodder and Stoughton Ltd., 2009, 338 p.

The material presented in:
Second Scientific Conference "Ethnic and Religion Interaction in the Age of Globalization: Toward civilian identification"
 16-18th of November 2011, Kazan, Russia

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